Maharana Pratap or the Pratap Singh (9 May 1540 – 29 January 1597), was very famous Hindu Rajput ruler of Mewar, the region in north – western India in the present day of the state of Rajasthan. Maharana Pratap belonged to the Sisodia clan of Rajputs. Maharana Pratap is considered to exemplify qualities like bravery and nobility to which Rajputs aspire, especially in context of his opposition to Mughal emperor Akbar.
Pratap Singh or Maharana Pratap became the ruler of Mewar against his father’s wish, who had appointed his favourite son Jagmal as his successor. However the senior nobles of Mewar decided that Pratap, the 1st son and rightful successor should be crowned king. Maharana Pratap was said to be the man of strong Rajput character, he was far more brave and noble. His kind heartedness and just decision making won the heart of his enemies.
After, famous battle of Haldighati, Maharana Pratap’s own brother Shakti Singh, who had joined the Mughals helped him escape the battlefield, as his beloved and trusted horse Chetak was wounded in his hind leg and jhala Man the noble was wearing the Maharana’s crown as decoy. Maharana Horse, Chetak, deliverd him to safe grounds before breathing his last. Pratap has to take refuge in Aravelli hills. The Bhil tribal also supported Maharana during the times of War and then helped him in living off the forests during the times of piece.
Maharana Pratap died at the age of 57 after sustaining the injury while hunting. In life of Maharana Pratap, main goal was not to surrender in the front of Mughals. Even while lying in the lap of death Maharana Pratap made his son and successors swear to maintain the eternal conflict against the Mughal Emperor.
Maharana Pratap is the great model of freedom fighter, bravery and patriotism against the Mughal ruler in India. It is just because of this brave freedom fighter, Mewar got appreciation and honor to be the only kingdom to get merged with its state in the Independent India.